Abstract/Details

Use of auditory and visual stimulation to improve cognitive abilities in learning -disabled children


2003 2003

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Abstract (summary)

This study examined the effects of auditory and visual stimulation (AVS) on four specific cognitive abilities known to be weak in children diagnosed with Teaming disabilities (LDs). Learning disabilities comprise cognitive deficits in executive functioning; such deficits include working memory, encoding, visual-motor coordination, response inhibition, planning, and processing. Aside from medication, educational remediation, and classroom interventions, no specific intervention has been found to rehabilitate such cognitive weaknesses, although previous studies using AVS demonstrated enhanced academic performance in children with learning disabilities.

The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Edition (WISC-III) SCAD (Symbol Search, Coding, Arithmetic, and Digit Span) was administered before and after 12 biweekly, 35-minute AVS sessions. Two index scores from the SCAD profile were also assessed: Freedom from Distractability (FFD) and Processing Speed (PS). The study design was quasi-experimental with repeated measures pre- and posttreatment. Findings demonstrated that AVS produced significant changes in specific cognitive abilities as measured by the WISC-III SCAD profile. Results suggest that this technology could greatly enhance the quality of life for learning-disabled individuals who, absent appropriate intervention, are at risk for social, psychological, and a multitude of personal disappointments and life-long failures.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Cognitive therapy;
Psychology;
Experiments
Classification
0633: Cognitive therapy
0623: Psychology
0623: Experiments
Identifier / keyword
Psychology; Auditory stimulation; Children; Cognitive abilities; Learning-disabled; Visual stimulation
Title
Use of auditory and visual stimulation to improve cognitive abilities in learning -disabled children
Author
Olmstead, Ruth
Number of pages
118
Publication year
2003
Degree date
2003
School code
0543
Source
DAI-B 65/05, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Advisor
James, Catherine
University/institution
Walden University
University location
United States -- Minnesota
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3133101
ProQuest document ID
305289589
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305289589
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