Abstract/Details

Making the objective subjective: A sociopsychometric exploration of fairness and standardized testing


2006 2006

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Abstract (summary)

This study examined potential differences among legal professionals, measurement professionals and members of the general public in their evaluations of fairness in response to vignette-based presentation of hypothetical standardized testing scenarios and explored possible differences in generalized attitudes and beliefs toward standardized testing held by the three groups. Vignettes presented to study participants varied in the type of testing application presented (diploma vs. merit), whether opportunities were provided for stakeholder input into the testing process (or "voice"), whether evidence of content validity was demonstrated, and whether disparate outcomes were experienced by minority and non-minority students as a result of testing. A total of 857 participants completed the study.

Significant differences were found among fairness ratings provided by measurement professionals, legal professionals, and members of the public. The type of testing application, opportunity for voice, presentation of validity evidence, and similarity or difference of outcomes for minority versus non-minority students were also found to have a significant effect on participant fairness ratings.

Significant differences were also found among the three groups with regard to non-context-specific attitudes and beliefs about standardized testing. Measurement professionals tend to differ significantly from both legal professionals and members of the general public; however, few significant differences in attitudes were observed between legal professionals and members of the general public. Overall, measurement professionals tended to more strongly endorse items indicating a positive view of testing, while legal professionals and members of the public provided stronger endorsements of items suggesting a more negative attitude toward standardized testing.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Educational evaluation
Classification
0288: Educational evaluation
Identifier / keyword
Education; Fairness; Sociopsychometric; Standardized testing
Title
Making the objective subjective: A sociopsychometric exploration of fairness and standardized testing
Author
Yates, Kristin E.
Number of pages
116
Publication year
2006
Degree date
2006
School code
0138
Source
DAI-A 67/02, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542559525, 0542559528
Advisor
Bandalos, Deborah L.
University/institution
The University of Nebraska - Lincoln
University location
United States -- Nebraska
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3208122
ProQuest document ID
305293944
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305293944
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