Abstract/Details

Impact of familiar, unfamiliar, and synthetic voices on the arousal and awareness of minimally-conscious survivors of acquired brain injury


2006 2006

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Abstract (summary)

Survivors of acquired brain injury (ABI) often experience a period of impaired consciousness following injury. This period may be brief or may last hours, days, weeks, or months. While in states of impaired consciousness, survivors demonstrate fluctuations in arousal and awareness levels in accordance with variations in environmental stimulation. In general, routine stimulation provided in hospital settings is not intense, frequent, or persistent enough to maintain arousal and environmental awareness in ABI survivors with impaired levels of consciousness. Consequently, health care professionals implement sensory stimulation programs to prevent sensory deprivation and help survivors re-establish normal arousal and awareness levels.

This study's purposes were to determine whether three ABI survivors with impaired consciousness (a) demonstrated changes in responsiveness when purposefully presented with auditory stimuli rather than only hearing stimuli occurring naturally in the environment and (b) responded differentially to auditory stimulation presented with familiar, unfamiliar, or synthetic voices. Each survivor participated in two auditory stimulation sessions daily for 30 days. The video recorded sessions included two minutes of baseline, four minutes of stimulation involving presentation of one of the three types of auditory stimuli, and two minutes of post-stimulation. Subsequent analysis of the recordings allowed for determination of changes in a survivor's production of reflexive and purposeful movements before, during, and after stimulus presentation.

Three major conclusions resulted from the study. First, two survivor participants demonstrated a change in level of responsiveness with presentation of the sensory stimulation. This suggests that auditory stimulation results in changes in level of arousal for some ABI survivors. Second, none of the participants demonstrated a differential response to the three types of voices used as experimental stimuli. This suggests that voice familiarity may not be an important factor when selecting auditory stimuli. Third, each survivor demonstrated a unique response profile. This reinforces the importance of using both quantitative and qualitative descriptions when describing individuals with impaired consciousness.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Speech therapy
Classification
0460: Speech therapy
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Acquired brain injury; Arousal; Awareness; Minimally conscious; Voices
Title
Impact of familiar, unfamiliar, and synthetic voices on the arousal and awareness of minimally-conscious survivors of acquired brain injury
Author
Van Putten, Steffany M.
Number of pages
103
Publication year
2006
Degree date
2006
School code
0138
Source
DAI-B 67/10, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542905803
Advisor
Hux, Karen
University/institution
The University of Nebraska - Lincoln
University location
United States -- Nebraska
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3236907
ProQuest document ID
305294073
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305294073
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