Abstract/Details

When feeling good is bad: The detrimental effect of self -affirmation on prejudice


2006 2006

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Abstract (summary)

In the present set of studies, I examine the hypothesis that situations that affirm a valued self-relevant attribute may, under certain conditions, lead to increased prejudice because such situations activate the motivation to preserve a positive self-image. Consistent with this prediction, Experiments 1 and 2 showed that men whose masculinity was affirmed expressed stronger implicit and explicit prejudice against gay men than others who did not receive such an affirmation. Furthermore, Experiment 2 found that affirmation functioned in a manner similar to self-threat such that both affirmation and threat led to similar increases in implicit and explicit prejudice against gay men, but did not affect attitudes toward lesbians or heterosexual women (groups that are not stereotypically related to the affirmed attribute). Finally, as partial support of the prediction that affirmation of an ingroup attribute increases prejudice in order to protect one's bolstered self-image, Experiment 3 demonstrated that among affirmed men, the more they expressed implicit prejudice against a relevant group (gay men), the higher was their subsequent implicit self-esteem. However, self-affirmation did not have any effect on the relation between implicit attitudes toward a less relevant group (African-Americans) and self-esteem.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Social psychology;
Personality;
Gender
Classification
0451: Social psychology
0625: Personality
0733: Gender
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences, Psychology, Attitudes toward homosexuality, Homosexuality, Masculinity, Prejudice, Self-affirmation
Title
When feeling good is bad: The detrimental effect of self -affirmation on prejudice
Author
Rivera, Luis M.
Number of pages
77
Publication year
2006
Degree date
2006
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 67/11, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542978296
Advisor
Dasgupta, Nilanjana
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3242383
ProQuest document ID
305305781
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305305781
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