Abstract/Details

The nature of phonological representation in reading: Evidence from eye movements and event -related potentials


2006 2006

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Abstract (summary)

The present research investigates the relationship between spoken language and reading processes by using several experimental techniques to examine the nature of the phonological representations used during silent reading. Experiments 1 through 4 measured eye movements during sentence reading and lexical decision using a parafoveal preview paradigm. In Experiment 5, brain electrical potentials were recorded in a four-field masked priming paradigm during passive reading of single words. Experiments 1 and 2 asked whether the phonological representations used by skilled readers in lexical access are minimal and contain only consonant information, or whether they include phonological vowel information as well. Experiments 3, 4, and 5 examined whether the phonological representations used in lexical access contain prosodic information about syllables as well as phoneme information. In combination, these experiments demonstrated that skilled readers are sensitive to vowel and prosody information presented in parafoveal previews and masked foveal primes. This suggests that readers routinely activate elaborate, speech-like phonological representations early in word recognition during silent reading. The phonological hub theory of silent reading is proposed to account for this finding and situate orthographic and phonological processes in the context of natural silent reading.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Cognitive therapy;
Phonetics;
Eye movements;
Event driven simulation;
Reading
Classification
0633: Cognitive therapy
Identifier / keyword
Psychology; Event-related potentials; Eye movements; Phonological representation; Reading; Word recognition
Title
The nature of phonological representation in reading: Evidence from eye movements and event -related potentials
Author
Ashby, Jane
Number of pages
140
Publication year
2006
Degree date
2006
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 67/04, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542654077, 0542654075
Advisor
Rayner, Keith
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3215898
ProQuest document ID
305306611
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305306611
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