Abstract/Details

Surface modification by adsorption of macromolecules; organosilane/metal oxide chemistry


2006 2006

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Abstract (summary)

Poly(trifluoroethylene) (PF3E) irreversibly adsorbs to oxidized silicon and covalently attached amine monolayers supported on silicon, producing hydrophobic thin films in the thickness range of 8-40 Å. The ultra-thin films of adsorbed PF3E were characterized here by means of contact angle, ellipsometry and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Adsorption conditions such as reaction time, polymer concentration and solvent composition were also investigated. The adsorption behavior of PF3E can be explained by its ability to crystallize and form hydrogen bonds with proton acceptors, due to highly polar C-H bonds throughout the backbone.

The hydrogen bonding - directed layer-by-layer assembly technique was used to build multilayers of poly(trifluoroethylene) (PF3E) and poly(4-vinylpyridine) (P4VP) from methanol solution. It was difficult to build up layers subsequent to the second layer, due to the replacement of an already formed layer by the adsorbing polymer.

The remainder of this thesis describes the modification of metal oxide surfaces with organosilanes. Silicon-supported titanium oxide is modified by the reaction of hydridosilane (R3-nSiHn+1) in the vapor phase and in heptane solution at elevated temperatures. Surfaces are characterized by contact angle measurements and XPS. The preparation of hydrophobic alkylsiloxane layers on chromium surfaces by reaction of organosilanes R 3-nSiXn+1 (where X=Cl, OEt and H) was examined under two conditions: (1) in the vapor phase and (2) in toluene in the presence of ethyldiisopropylamine (EDIPA) using chloro- or ethoxysilanes, or in heptane using hydridosilanes. Surfaces were again characterized by contact angle analysis and XPS. Silicon-supported alkylsiloxane layers are prepared by the reaction of tri-n-hexylsilane and octylsilane in the vapor phase, in toluene and in ScCO2 at elevated temperatures, and octadecylsilane in the vapor phase and in toluene solution. It is shown that the layer structure depends on the reaction conditions. The kinetics of vapor phase reactions using tri-n-hexylsilane and octylsilane and ScCO2 phase reaction using octylsilane are described.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Polymers;
Organic chemistry
Classification
0495: Polymers
0490: Organic chemistry
Identifier / keyword
Pure sciences; Adsorption; Macromolecules; Metal oxide; Organosilane; Surface modification
Title
Surface modification by adsorption of macromolecules; organosilane/metal oxide chemistry
Author
Anac, Ilke
Number of pages
164
Publication year
2006
Degree date
2006
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 67/11, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542977060
Advisor
McCarthy, Thomas J.
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3242302
ProQuest document ID
305306838
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305306838
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