Abstract/Details

The image of function: Architectural diagrams in handbooks and normative practices in the twentieth century


2003 2003

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Abstract (summary)

Diagrams are widely understood as thin descriptions that are transparent to the facts they represent. Twentieth-century planning handbooks, especially Architectural Graphic Standards, Time-Saver Standards, and Bau-entwurfslehre, assert and isolate the facticity of functional architectural thought derived from scientific management, technocracy, and logical positivism. Charles Sanders Peirce's semiotics is used to examine the nature of diagrams as indexical icons. Dashed lines are examined to demonstrate how the smallest diagrammatic marks are already meaningful in the particular nature of their construction. Schemas, or fundamental diagrammatic structures such as rota, ladder, and network, are shown to influence the range of the imagination and are studied through their continuity, change, and manipulation. Through historical analysis primarily based in the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century, particular diagrams such as aspect, bubble, and flow diagrams are shown to be thick descriptions of the world that require interpretation. Architectural diagrams are interpreted both visually and relationally. The functional bubble diagram for example, is interpreted geometrically as a future physical building and topologically as a series of functional relations. When released from its restricted factual sense, the architect's functional imagination is enriched through thick interpretation of diagrams.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Architecture
Classification
0729: Architecture
Identifier / keyword
Communication and the arts; Architectural diagrams; Handbooks; Normative practices; Twentieth century
Title
The image of function: Architectural diagrams in handbooks and normative practices in the twentieth century
Author
Emmons, Paul Frederick
Number of pages
335
Publication year
2003
Degree date
2003
School code
0175
Source
DAI-A 64/04, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Advisor
Braham, William
University/institution
University of Pennsylvania
University location
United States -- Pennsylvania
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3087395
ProQuest document ID
305307046
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305307046
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