Abstract/Details

Upper current structure and variability in the southwestern Japan/East Sea


2003 2003

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Abstract (summary)

Continuous acoustic travel-time measurements from a two-dimensional array of pressure-gauge-equipped inverted echo sounders spanning the entire Ulleung Basin of the southwestern Japan/East Sea between June 1999 and July 2001 are used to examine the upper temperature and current patterns. A new method, referred to as the GEM/MODAS technique, combined with optimal interpolation, interprets the travel-time data into a three-dimensional (x, y, p ) time-series of daily, synoptically mapped current and temperature fields. During the two-year measurement period, at least five distinctive persistent flow patterns are found. The patterns during the first year coincide with changes in the total volume transport through the Korea/Tsushima Strait, while the patterns of the second year do not. The mean temperature of the basin displays strong interannual variability and is correlated with the total Korea/Tsushima Strait transport, with a higher mean temperature in the first year when total volume transport was higher. In addition, a new framework for describing the flow patterns is presented.

A newly described cold-core eddy, referred to as the Dok Cold Eddy, is about 60 km in diameter and typically forms southwest of Dok (Takeshima) Island when the Subpolar Front loops southward between Ulleung and Dok Islands and sheds an eddy. The Dok Cold Eddy is highly variable in space and time, and it tends to propagate westward towards the coast of Korea, where it merges with cold waters from the north. Three such propagation events precede the disappearance of the East Korean Warm Current, which then remains absent between June and November 2000. The so-called Offshore Branch of the Tsushima Current forms by branching in the Korea/Tsushima Strait and is present during much of our two-year observation period. When the East Korean Warm Current separates from the coast of Korea on a northerly path, the Subpolar Front is well described by thin jet theory. The East Korean Warm Current separated on such a northerly path from March 13 until June 15, 2001, during which time the Subpolar Front developed a large meander between Ulleung and Dok Islands that oscillated with a period of 60–90 days. The oscillation period and meander wavelength and amplitude are consistent with a “breather” solution of the modified Korteweg-DeVries equation in this thin-jet theory.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Oceanography;
Geophysics
Classification
0415: Oceanography
0373: Geophysics
Identifier / keyword
Earth sciences; Dok Cold Eddy; East Korean Warm Current; Korea Strait; Ocean currents; Sea of Japan; Ulleung Basin
Title
Upper current structure and variability in the southwestern Japan/East Sea
Author
Mitchell, Douglas A.
Number of pages
131
Publication year
2003
Degree date
2003
School code
0186
Source
DAI-B 64/11, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Advisor
Wimbush, Mark
University/institution
University of Rhode Island
University location
United States -- Rhode Island
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3112121
ProQuest document ID
305307364
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305307364
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