Upper current structure and variability in the southwestern Japan/East Sea

2003 2003

Other formats: Order a copy

Abstract (summary)

Continuous acoustic travel-time measurements from a two-dimensional array of pressure-gauge-equipped inverted echo sounders spanning the entire Ulleung Basin of the southwestern Japan/East Sea between June 1999 and July 2001 are used to examine the upper temperature and current patterns. A new method, referred to as the GEM/MODAS technique, combined with optimal interpolation, interprets the travel-time data into a three-dimensional (x, y, p ) time-series of daily, synoptically mapped current and temperature fields. During the two-year measurement period, at least five distinctive persistent flow patterns are found. The patterns during the first year coincide with changes in the total volume transport through the Korea/Tsushima Strait, while the patterns of the second year do not. The mean temperature of the basin displays strong interannual variability and is correlated with the total Korea/Tsushima Strait transport, with a higher mean temperature in the first year when total volume transport was higher. In addition, a new framework for describing the flow patterns is presented.

A newly described cold-core eddy, referred to as the Dok Cold Eddy, is about 60 km in diameter and typically forms southwest of Dok (Takeshima) Island when the Subpolar Front loops southward between Ulleung and Dok Islands and sheds an eddy. The Dok Cold Eddy is highly variable in space and time, and it tends to propagate westward towards the coast of Korea, where it merges with cold waters from the north. Three such propagation events precede the disappearance of the East Korean Warm Current, which then remains absent between June and November 2000. The so-called Offshore Branch of the Tsushima Current forms by branching in the Korea/Tsushima Strait and is present during much of our two-year observation period. When the East Korean Warm Current separates from the coast of Korea on a northerly path, the Subpolar Front is well described by thin jet theory. The East Korean Warm Current separated on such a northerly path from March 13 until June 15, 2001, during which time the Subpolar Front developed a large meander between Ulleung and Dok Islands that oscillated with a period of 60–90 days. The oscillation period and meander wavelength and amplitude are consistent with a “breather” solution of the modified Korteweg-DeVries equation in this thin-jet theory.

Indexing (details)

0415: Oceanography
0373: Geophysics
Identifier / keyword
Earth sciences; Dok Cold Eddy; East Korean Warm Current; Korea Strait; Ocean currents; Sea of Japan; Ulleung Basin
Upper current structure and variability in the southwestern Japan/East Sea
Mitchell, Douglas A.
Number of pages
Publication year
Degree date
School code
DAI-B 64/11, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Wimbush, Mark
University of Rhode Island
University location
United States -- Rhode Island
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Document type
Dissertation/thesis number
ProQuest document ID
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
Access the complete full text

You can get the full text of this document if it is part of your institution's ProQuest subscription.

Try one of the following:

  • Connect to ProQuest through your library network and search for the document from there.
  • Request the document from your library.
  • Go to the ProQuest login page and enter a ProQuest or My Research username / password.