Abstract/Details

The student -athlete: One identity or two separate identities? The role of identity salience and stereotype threat in athletic and academic performance


2006 2006

Other formats: Order a copy

Abstract (summary)

This research examined the impact of stereotype threat and identity salience on academic performance in male students at a highly-selective liberal arts college, as well as whether fear of negative evaluation and individuals' perception of role conflict between athlete- and student-identities moderate this effect. In Study 1, seventy-seven student-athletes were recruited to participate in a study on personality and problem-solving. Participants were randomly assigned to read one of five experimental conditions (athlete success, athlete failure, academic success, academic failure or a control), and then completed a brief math test. Results indicated that athletes in the athlete-success, academic-failure, and control condition performed significantly worse on a math test than those who in the athletic-failure and academic-success conditions. Moreover, the negative effects of stereotype threat were moderated by both role separation (RS), with athletes high in RS showing the most debilitating effects, role interference (RI), with student-athletes high in RI showing the most debilitating effects. Study 2 demonstrated that student-athletes who perform an athletic task prior to an academic task perform worse than those who perform the academic task first. Order of task does not matter for non-student-athletes. The discussion focuses and explains a potential identity shift hypothesis.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Social psychology;
Athletes;
Students;
Social identity;
Academic achievement
Classification
0451: Social psychology
Identifier / keyword
Psychology, Academic performance, Athletic performance, Identity salience, Stereotype threat, Student-athlete
Title
The student -athlete: One identity or two separate identities? The role of identity salience and stereotype threat in athletic and academic performance
Author
Yopyk, Darren J. A.
Number of pages
73
Publication year
2006
Degree date
2006
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 67/11, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542982316
Advisor
Feldman, Robert
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3242117
ProQuest document ID
305311005
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305311005
Access the complete full text

You can get the full text of this document if it is part of your institution's ProQuest subscription.

Try one of the following:

  • Connect to ProQuest through your library network and search for the document from there.
  • Request the document from your library.
  • Go to the ProQuest login page and enter a ProQuest or My Research username / password.