Cine y espectáculo: Estrategias de representación en la España del S.XX
When Spanish cinema has been researched and studied, the general focus has been placed on the production side rather than reception. Thus, rather than focusing on film, studies have explored the ideological or aesthetical aspects that, according to these studies, establish the film production process. In addition, these approaches assume that Spanish cinema is a well established, defined, and autonomous entertainment form.
Offering an alternative perspective to these approaches, the starting point of my study is a definition of Spanish cinema's representational strategies that takes into consideration not only the production aspects of filmmaking but also the role played by the audience. By tracing the relation between cinema and other types of entertainment options from 1895 to the 1990's, I determine that cinema in Spain was just a late comer used by different types of entertainment venues as a complement to their main program until the early 1930's. I then analyze how the elements conforming Spain's entertainment industry shift from one type of show to another, finally ending up in cinema. After establishing the process through which these elements become part of the Spanish cinematic tradition, I show how its presence does not depend so much on the decisions made during the production phase of a film, but on the audience's entertainment context and expectations. Finally, I illustrate how the elements present in the Spanish cinema's representational strategies are retained at the same time their specific function is being transformed due to changes in the audience typology and the surrounding socio-cultural conditions where the show is taking place.
0313: Romance literature