Abstract/Details

Early gender differences in arithmetic strategy proficiency


2003 2003

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Abstract (summary)

Recent investigations of children's arithmetic strategy proficiency have revealed disparate results; some suggest that first grade boys are more accurate math-fact retrievers than are first grade girls, while others suggest first grade girls are the more accurate math-fact retrievers. The present study was designed to assess whether gender differences in math-fact retrieval do exist among kindergarten and first grade students and to assess the circumstances under which those differences might be observed.

In two experiments, kindergarten and first grade children were asked to solve a series of simple addition and subtraction problems. Solution strategies were restricted and children were required to use either fact-retrieval or overt counting to solve the problems. Problems were presented in one of two modes, visual or auditory, via a laptop computer; half of the problems in each mode required the fact-retrieval strategy and half required the overt counting strategy. Performance was measured in terms of accuracy and solution time. No female advantages were observed on any of the tasks in either grade. When accuracy and time were collapsed to create composite proficiency scores, male advantages for the fact retrieval strategy and the visual mode of presentation were revealed in both grades.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Developmental psychology;
Educational psychology;
Mathematics education
Classification
0620: Developmental psychology
0525: Educational psychology
0280: Mathematics education
Identifier / keyword
Education, Psychology, Arithmetic, Gender differences, Strategy
Title
Early gender differences in arithmetic strategy proficiency
Author
Garofoli, Laura Mitchell
Number of pages
122
Publication year
2003
Degree date
2003
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 64/06, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Advisor
Royer, James M.
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3096276
ProQuest document ID
305322265
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305322265
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