Ecological correlates of violence against women
This study employed a non-experimental, ex-post facto design to examine the influence of bivariate and multivariate factors in identifying the correlates of violence against women in Kenya, Africa. Data for the study were collected via a quantitative survey conducted in Maseno and Nairobi, Kenya. A total of 208 married women participated in the survey. The study was guided by the nested ecological model and existing empirical research.
Following the determination of survey items on which participants yielded statistically significant differences, a stepwise multiple regression was conducted to determine whether participants' responses would predict whether or not participants had reported that they had experienced intimate partner physical violence. Respondents' having experienced intimate partner physical violence or not was used as the criterion (dependent) variable, with respondents' survey items on which statistically significant differences had been obtained serving as predictor variables. Using the stepwise procedure, the selected model was found to be statistically significant, with three variables contributing significantly to the prediction. The three variables in the equation combined to explain 55.3% of the variation in whether or not participants had experienced intimate partner physical violence.
The single best predictor was whether participants stated that their husbands had witnessed their parents/guardians engage in physical violence during childhood. This variable accounted for 34.3% of the variance, a large effect. The next best predictor was whether or not participants' husbands had ever used or were currently using illegal drugs, accounting for 17.8% of the variance, a moderate effect. Finally, respondents' reports that their husbands had ever gotten into legal problems due to alcohol use accounted for 4.6% of the variance, regarded as a small effect. Based on the findings, implications for social work theory, policy, practice, and research are presented.
0453: Womens studies