Abstract/Details

The effects of climate and disturbance on Madrean pine -oak forests in Mexico's Sierra Madre Occidental


2006 2006

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Abstract (summary)

In this study, the fire regime within the Las Bayas Forestry Reserve was described and patterns of tree regeneration in relation to variability in climate, the fire regime, and human land-use were identified. Fire frequencies varied temporally for all fires, with the largest changes occurring in the 20th century. Significantly more fires with shorter fire return intervals occurred within the Reserve from 1900 to 1950 than from 1950 to 2001. However, the frequency of widespread fire years (25% filter) was unchanged over time. Fires were synchronized in widespread fire years (25% filter) by regional climate. Widespread fire years occurred during dry years that lagged wet years. Widespread fire years lagged the negative El Niño phase (wet winters) of the Southern Oscillation by one year, but were not synchronized by the positive, La Niña phase (dry winters) of the Southern Oscillation. The smaller, more localized fires that occurred during the first 50 years of the 20th Century were attributed to changes in land tenure with the introduction of the ejido system in the early 1950s. Ejido management strategies lowered fire frequencies by suppressing fires and lowering anthropic fire ignitions.

Conifer tree regeneration occurred in three regeneration pulses during the time period from 1750-2001 (mid-20th century, late 1800s, and early 1800s). In the past, conifer seedlings established during periods of favorable climate that coincided with fire free (fire safe) periods that apparently followed a severe fire that killed many overstory trees and removed forest floor competition creating suitable conditions for seedling establishment. Currently, new seedlings are not establishing under the canopy of forests within the Las Bayas Forestry Reserve although many areas have not burned for two decades or more. Climate appears to be conducive as seedlings (both conifers and angiosperms) are regenerating in sufficient numbers in many recently disturbed areas, just not under the canopy of overstory trees. I suggest that a disturbance such as a severe fire that removes resource competition is required in combination with favorable climate for multi-year periods to successfully reproduce Madrean pine-oak forests. Climate alone does not appear to stimulate tree reproduction in these forests.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Geography;
Ecology;
Environmental science
Classification
0366: Geography
0329: Ecology
0768: Environmental science
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Social sciences; Biological sciences; Climate; Disturbance; Madrean; Mexico; Pine-oak forests; Sierra Madre Occidental
Title
The effects of climate and disturbance on Madrean pine -oak forests in Mexico's Sierra Madre Occidental
Author
Drury, Stacy Allen
Number of pages
235
Publication year
2006
Degree date
2006
School code
0051
Source
DAI-A 67/05, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542684210
Advisor
Veblen, Thomas T.
University/institution
University of Colorado at Boulder
University location
United States -- Colorado
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3219019
ProQuest document ID
305353918
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305353918
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