Abstract/Details

Gene regulation by post-transcriptional processing during cellular senescence in human diploid fibroblasts


2006 2006

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Abstract (summary)

Primary human fibroblasts undergo an extended period of senescence at the end of their replicative life span which is characterized by the complete loss of proliferative potential accompanied by specific morphological and molecular changes. The expression of a gene from the time it is transcribed to the moment a functional protein is made can be modulated at various steps and alternative splicing of pre-mRNA, mRNA transport and regulation of mRNA half-life are important steps that ultimately regulate the levels of functional protein that a cell expresses. We are interested in a family of proteins called Heterogeneous Nuclear Ribonucleoproteins, specifically type A1 and A2 that appear to have roles in many steps of mRNA biogenesis mentioned above. We have identified that levels of these proteins are significantly changed in senescent fibroblasts. However there is very little information regarding their function in senescent cells. My proposed hypothesis was that the observed changes in levels of hnRNP A1 and A2 could have significant effects on the gene expression patterns of senescent cells where their levels are significantly lower and that identifying these changes could help elucidate the mechanism by which cells age.

In order to study altered gene expression patterns of cell cycle regulatory proteins, we performed quantitative RT-PCR and immunoblotting to study specific target genes and products. To identify gene expression changes on a more global scale we performed cDNA array experiments and compared expression profiles among senescent cell populations and fibroblasts that over-express hnRNP A1. We have identified cyclin D1 as a candidate mRNA that may be regulated by age and post-transcriptional processing. In order to identify target mRNA that are bound by hnRNP A1 and maybe age-regulated, we performed RNA co-immunoprecipitation experiments using hnRNP A1 as the bait protein. With this approach we identified human mdm2 mRNA as a binding target for hnRNP A1 in young and old fibroblasts. This is a novel and important finding because a large number of mRNA isoforms are made from the human mdm2 pre-mRNA. Despite its importance in regulation of p53, little is known about the role of the alternatively spliced isoforms of human mdm2.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Cellular biology;
Genetics;
Molecular biology
Classification
0379: Cellular biology
0369: Genetics
0307: Molecular biology
Identifier / keyword
Biological sciences; Cellular senescence; Diploid; Fibroblasts; Gene regulation; Posttranscriptional processing
Title
Gene regulation by post-transcriptional processing during cellular senescence in human diploid fibroblasts
Author
Ghandhi, Shanaz Adi
Number of pages
210
Publication year
2006
Degree date
2006
School code
0046
Source
DAI-B 67/01, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542510168, 0542510162
Advisor
Hubbard, Karen
University/institution
City University of New York
University location
United States -- New York
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3204983
ProQuest document ID
305356499
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305356499
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