Abstract/Details

Lower-limb biomechanics and behavior in a middle Mississippian skeletal sample from west-central Illinois


2005 2005

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Abstract (summary)

The purpose of this study is to assess long bone biomechanics to determine the level and type of activity present in a skeletal sample from Orendorf, a Middle Mississippian population (∼ A.D. 1150) from west-central Illinois. Cross-sectional properties of the femoral midshaft are analyzed for 17 individuals (6 males, 11 females). Comparisons are made both within the sample as well as with other samples from west-central Illinois and other regions, including the Southwest, the Georgia coast, the Northern and Southern Plains, and the Great Basin.

Results suggest that the Orendorf sample has a high degree of sexual dimorphism, in particular, males tend to have more anteroposteriorly oriented cross-sections suggesting that males performed more activities associated with mobility such as long-distance walking, running or climbing than did the females. Some possible explanations for these patterns include regional differences in environment, terrain, subsistence practices, or the extent to which populations were involved in warfare or trade with other groups.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Physical anthropology
Classification
0327: Physical anthropology
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences
Title
Lower-limb biomechanics and behavior in a middle Mississippian skeletal sample from west-central Illinois
Author
Worne, Heather A.
Number of pages
78
Publication year
2005
Degree date
2005
School code
0792
Source
MAI 44/04M, Masters Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
0542499894, 9780542499890
Advisor
Steadman, Dawnie
University/institution
State University of New York at Binghamton
University location
United States -- New York
Degree
M.A.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
1432094
ProQuest document ID
305358143
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305358143
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