Cultural mistrust, racial identity development, and ethnic identity: An exploratory study of human behavior among diverse blacks who are in a crossracial rehabilitative counseling setting
Several research studies have shown that as a group, Black people in the United States have been less willing to utilize mental health and/or other counseling services than some other ethnic groups. This study seeks to determine whether factors of cultural mistrust, racial identity development, and ethnic identity impact the counseling retention rate of Black clients seeking rehabilitative services from White practitioners in an Atlanta, Georgia community. Participants in the study came from an Atlanta, Georgia community (female n = 91, male n = 87). A descriptive quantitative approach using a non-experimental survey research design was employed to analyze and then evaluate the above factors. Findings revealed that hypotheses one, three, and four were supported, suggesting that sociodemographic background, ethnic identity, and cultural mistrust did not have the hypothesized impact across subgroups analyzed in the study. Hypotheses two was not supported, suggesting that factors of racial identity do impact the social interaction process between some participants in the study. Hence, while one's values and norms may help shape the social interaction process between individuals, the behavior of both the counselor and client may impact such a relationship due to respective racial, cultural, and/or ethnic norms and attitudes especially. This is especially relevant when it comes to communication and the use of culturally-specific intervention strategies in a crossracial setting. A future study could help further explain how such a dynamic contributes to the counseling relationship with other ethnic groups particularly those that sociocentric in their beliefs, values, and attitudes, and when in a situation as described in this study.
0451: Social psychology