Abstract/Details

Association between serum leptin concentrations and dietary patterns in the United States population


2005 2005

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Abstract (summary)

Little is known about the association between dietary patterns and leptin. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between serum leptin and dietary patterns of 4346 adults in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). Dietary intake data collected using a food frequency questionnaire were categorized into 25 food groups. Factor analysis was used to derive three dietary patterns based on the frequency of consumption of the 25 food groups and labeled Prudent, Western, and Lacto-ovo-vegetarian. Unadjusted leptin concentrations were significantly higher in the Prudent pattern (8.6 ± 0.4 μg/L) compared to the Western (6.6 ± 0.3 μg/L) and Lacto-ovo-vegetarian dietary pattern (7.7 ± 0.3 μg/L) ( p < 0.02). When leptin data were adjusted for sex, race-ethnicity, smoking, alcohol, age, and body mass index (BMI), no significant associations were observed between dietary patterns and serum leptin concentrations.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Nutrition
Classification
0570: Nutrition
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences
Title
Association between serum leptin concentrations and dietary patterns in the United States population
Author
McCarthy, Erin
Number of pages
122
Publication year
2005
Degree date
2005
School code
0821
Source
MAI 43/05M, Masters Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
0542026945, 9780542026942
Advisor
Ganji, Vijay
University/institution
Rush University
University location
United States -- Illinois
Degree
M.S.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
1430927
ProQuest document ID
305377901
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305377901/abstract
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