Abstract/Details

American Sign Language proficiency: A study of agreement among raters


2005 2005

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Abstract (summary)

This dissertation examines several approaches to the measurement of overall American Sign Language (ASL) proficiency. It concentrates on the recent movement towards ASL proficiency testing, embodied in the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Language/Educational Testing Service (ACTFL/ETS) oral proficiency and rating scales. The impetus for ASL proficiency comes from several studies that a native-like competency in ASL is positively correlated with elevated language proficiency levels in the written form of English among Deaf children. ASL proficiency testing for classroom teachers is in high demand so that they can provide an environment in which Deaf children will acquire ASL, upon which bilingual education programs in the United States are based in order to deliver the expected results.

The dissertation outlines the methodological background to the development of ASL proficiency interview (ASLPI) instrument. It then describes an experiment in which the ASLPI procedures were used in assessing the proficiency of a group of college program students who use ASL. Seven Deaf individuals were informally trained to rate candidates on the basis of ASLPI rating scales. They then observed the recordings of interviews made with twenty-one undergraduates with ASL minor and graduate students of the Deaf Education program at McDaniel College. The researcher, following the ACTFL/ETS procedures, conducted the interviews.

Analysis of the results of the experiment showed that raters were able to reach a high degree of concordance in their application of the ASLPI rating scale, even when their ratings were made after only ten minutes exposure to an interview. There was clear evidence that raters arrived at their judgments globally, rather than separately evaluating discrete components of language proficiency. These results provided evidence in favor of the practicality, reliability, and validity of the ASLPI format. The implications of wider use of such tests are discussed, together with some suggestions for further research and possible improvements in the ASLPI procedure.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Bilingual education;
Multicultural education;
Special education
Classification
0282: Bilingual education
0282: Multicultural education
0529: Special education
Identifier / keyword
Education; American Sign Language; Deaf; Language proficiency; Rater agreement
Title
American Sign Language proficiency: A study of agreement among raters
Author
Laird, Eddy
Number of pages
107
Publication year
2005
Degree date
2005
School code
0424
Source
DAI-A 67/04, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542628849
Advisor
Andrews, Jean
University/institution
Lamar University - Beaumont
University location
United States -- Texas
Degree
Ed.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3212188
ProQuest document ID
305381566
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305381566
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