Abstract/Details

The effect of housing market segmentation on commuting: A geographical analysis


2005 2005

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Abstract (summary)

This study examines the role of urban spatial structure on commuting. Among the many forces that constitute the dimensions of urban structure, it is focused on the fragmentation of a metropolitan area into distinct housing submarkets. The study refers to this phenomenon as “housing market segmentation”. Empirical analysis of the relationship between housing market segmentation and commute length in 85 metropolitan areas shows that housing market segmentation (as a component of urban spatial structure) lengthens commute distances.

The operationalization of the IHMS rests on the definition of housing submarkets, which are derived by means of a fuzzy c-means algorithm. The performance of fuzzy clustering is evaluated in comparison with that of k-means methods. An F-test confirms that fuzzy clustering outperforms hard clustering. Fuzzy clustering is shown to be of great use in the classification of housing markets based on census data.

The index of housing market segmentation is measured for 85 metropolitan areas. Housing market tends to be more segmented in large metropolitan areas while housing market segmentation is not correlated with geographic region. Complexity of industrial structure and racialized process of residential development seems to contribute to a high degree of housing market segmentation.

Regression analysis of metropolitan-wide commute length shows that commute time is affected by labor market scale (e.g., the number of workers), labor market structure (e.g., composition of industry, specialization or diversification), labor market performance (e.g., unemployment), socioeconomic variables (e.g., income, age, ethnic composition), modal split, and urban form features (e.g., housing density). When commute length is defined in terms of vehicle miles, housing market segmentation is found to be an important contributing factor. The study indicates that disparity between residential neighborhoods (i.e., housing market segmentation as a component of urban structure) can impose negative impact on sustainable transportation.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Geography;
Urban planning;
Area planning & development;
Transportation
Classification
0366: Geography
0999: Urban planning
0999: Area planning & development
0709: Transportation
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Commuting; Housing market; Market segmentation; Sustainability
Title
The effect of housing market segmentation on commuting: A geographical analysis
Author
Hwang, Sungsoon
Number of pages
287
Publication year
2005
Degree date
2005
School code
0656
Source
DAI-A 66/08, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542277016, 0542277018
Advisor
Thill, Jean-Claude
University/institution
State University of New York at Buffalo
University location
United States -- New York
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3185336
ProQuest document ID
305384411
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305384411
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