Etiology and psychosocial functioning in children with epilepsy

2005 2005

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Abstract (summary)

Objective. This study aims to explore the role of etiology of seizure activity and its relation to psychosocial functioning among children with epilepsy by utilizing the Syndrome scales of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Study design. By examining seizure-related variables (i.e., number of anti-epileptic medications, age of seizure onset, type of epilepsy, hemispheric focus), IQ, and seizure etiology, data was analyzed by means of frequency analysis, point-biserial correlation, and analysis of variance (ANOVA). Participants. 31 youngsters, between the ages of 4 and 17, with a diagnosis of epilepsy. Results. As compared to healthy, same-age peers in the CBCL standardization sample, children in the current sample, as a whole, demonstrated a significantly higher incidence of psychosocial difficulties and behavior problems across ten of the eleven scales examined. Within the sample, children with lower IQ scores evidenced more psychosocial difficulties. Furthermore, boys in the sample demonstrated significantly more social problems, in particular, as compared to girls. Etiology of seizure activity was not found to be associated with psychosocial functioning in the current sample. Conclusions. The current results corroborate with much of the epilepsy literature suggesting that youths in this population are significantly at risk for demonstrating psychopathology and problematic behavior. Findings reflect the pervasiveness of psychosocial difficulties that youngsters within this often stigmatized population endure. Implications for the field of Child School-Clinical Psychology include the importance of early intervention and remediation opportunities for all children and adolescence within the epilepsy population, regardless of seizure etiology.

Indexing (details)

Physiological psychology
0989: Physiological psychology
Identifier / keyword
Psychology; Epilepsy; Pediatric epilepsy; Psychosocial
Etiology and psychosocial functioning in children with epilepsy
Kessous, Michelle I.
Number of pages
Publication year
Degree date
School code
DAI-B 66/06, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
9780542193323, 0542193329
Yasik, Anastasia
Pace University
University location
United States -- New York
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Document type
Dissertation/thesis number
ProQuest document ID
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
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