Abstract/Details

Essays in the political economy of international trade and economic growth


2005 2005

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Abstract (summary)

This dissertation has four chapters. The first chapter argues that malapportioned legislatures, such as the U.S. Senate, can lead to constituencies with different sizes. As a result, industries that are located in smaller constituencies are likely to receive greater protection from international trade. This chapter combines a model of legislative bargaining and a model of lobbying to study trade protection while allowing for a legislature with multiple legislators and differently sized constituencies. We then test the predictions of this model using tariff votes from the U.S. Senate in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and a panel of tariffs and non-tariff barriers to trade in the U.S. in the 1990s.

The second chapter (coauthored with John Hatfield) studies how trade protection varies with the mechanism used to elect the legislature. We study how trade policy differs between countries with legislatures elected by a plurality election rule m single member constituencies and legislatures elected by a proportional rule. We find that proportional systems have more trade protection than majoritarian systems. We find empirically that parliamentary countries with proportional electoral rules have much more trade protection than those with majoritarian electoral rules.

The third chapter looks at the influence of industry concentration, industry location across U.S. states and the political ideologies of U.S. states and institutions of the U.S. Senate on tariffs and non-tariff barriers to trade. This empirical study gathers a wide-ranging dataset on U.S. industries and governmental actors during the 1990s and compares which of these factors are the most important for understanding international trade policy in the U.S.

Using Monte Carlo simulations, the fourth chapter (coauthored with Romain Wacziarg) evaluates the bias properties of common estimators used in growth regressions derived from the Solow model. We allow for measurement error in the right-hand side variables, as well as country-specific effects that are correlated with the regressors. Our results suggest that an OLS estimator applied to a single cross-section of variables averaged over time performs best in terms of the extent of bias on each of the estimated coefficients when compared to a fixed-effects estimator and an Arellano-Bond estimator.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Business costs;
International law;
International relations;
Essays;
Studies;
International trade;
Protectionism;
Location of industry;
Political economy;
Economic growth;
Models
Classification
0505: Business costs
0616: International law
0616: International relations
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Economic growth; International trade; Lobbying; Political economy
Title
Essays in the political economy of international trade and economic growth
Author
Hauk, William R., Jr.
Number of pages
158
Publication year
2005
Degree date
2005
School code
0212
Source
DAI-A 66/04, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
0542084562, 9780542084560
Advisor
Wacziarg, Romain T.
University/institution
Stanford University
University location
United States -- California
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3171703
ProQuest document ID
305390270
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305390270
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