Abstract/Details

Inheritance of gray leaf spot resistance in perennial ryegrass


2005 2005

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Abstract (summary)

Gray leaf spot, caused by Magnaporthe oryzae B. Couch, is a devastating disease of perennial ryegrass in United States. The objectives of this study were to (i) develop effective screening techniques for gray leaf spot resistance in perennial ryegrass; (ii) explore the genetic properties of the inheritance of gray leaf spot resistance to determine the correct breeding strategies; and (iii) investigate the genetic diversity of pathogen populations and the interactions between host genotype and pathogen isolates.

First, we developed two screening techniques (one growth chamber and one field inoculation) that successfully reproduced gray leaf spot symptoms in perennial ryegrass cultivars and consistently reflected their resistance level observed in natural epidemics.

Three diallel crosses were made in the springs of 2001, 2002 and 2003 with six, four and eight parents, respectively. Analyses of both growth chamber and field experiments indicated that additive gene effects are involved in gray leaf spot resistance. A small portion of dominant and epistatic effects were also detected.

The estimate of narrow-sense heritability for gray leaf spot resistance ranged from 0.57 to 0.87. The minimum number of effective genes was estimated between 2.1 and 4.4. The fairly high heritability values suggest that recurrent selection was an effective breeding program to improve resistance. Two cycles of genotypic recurrent selection significantly improved gray leaf spot resistance in subsequent generations.

To further investigate the host and pathogen interactions of gray leaf spot, eighteen isolates of P. oryzae from diverse geographical and host origins were classified using RAPID markers. Seven isolates chosen to represent the range in diversity of pathogen were used to inoculate eight perennial ryegrass genotypes. Analyses suggested the coexistence of both interaction and additivity in resistance. No specificity was detected.

In conclusion, host resistance is an ideal approach to control gray leaf spot. Improving resistance to this disease in perennial ryegrass is feasible and effective when using a genotypic recurrent breeding program.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Genetics;
Plant pathology
Classification
0369: Genetics
0480: Plant pathology
Identifier / keyword
Biological sciences; Disease resistance; Gray leaf spot; Lolium perenne; Magnaporthe oryzae; Ryegrass
Title
Inheritance of gray leaf spot resistance in perennial ryegrass
Author
Han, Yuanhong
Number of pages
135
Publication year
2005
Degree date
2005
School code
0190
Source
DAI-B 66/05, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542156175, 0542156172
Advisor
Meyer, William A.
University/institution
Rutgers The State University of New Jersey - New Brunswick
University location
United States -- New Jersey
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3176182
ProQuest document ID
305427901
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305427901/abstract
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