Hopelessness and depression in myocardial infarction

2005 2005

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Abstract (summary)

Psychosocial factors, such as depression, have been identified as important predictors of morbidity and mortality in individuals with coronary heart disease; however, little research has been done examining hopelessness in this population. This investigation examined the frequency and severity of hopelessness and depression symptoms in the early recovery period after hospitalization for myocardial infarction (MI), the relationship between hopelessness and depression symptoms, patient characteristics leading to these two constructs, and the effect of hopelessness symptoms on cardiac rehabilitation exercise participation and physical functioning post-MI. A sample of 351 men and women who were hospitalized for MI at five hospitals in central Michigan were interviewed after discharge home (approximately 14 days) and at three months after hospital discharge. Measures included the cognitive expectations factor of the Beck Hopelessness Scale®, Center for Epidemiologic Studies - Depression Scale, a cardiac rehabilitation exercise participation questionnaire, and the Activity Status Index. Both hopelessness and depression symptoms were frequent and moderate to severe in a portion of the sample at baseline and three months, yet depression symptoms significantly decreased from baseline to three months whereas hopelessness symptoms did not. Hopelessness symptoms were strongly associated with symptoms of depression at three months after hospital discharge. However, 10% of the sample had symptoms of hopelessness but minimal or no symptoms of depression, while another 10% had symptoms of depression but minimal or no hopelessness symptoms. There were some differences in baseline patient characteristics leading to hopelessness symptoms versus depression symptoms. In addition, baseline hopelessness symptoms were predictive of not starting a hospital-based cardiac rehabilitation exercise program and of quitting a hospital-based exercise program early, whereas depression symptoms had no such effect. Both hopelessness and depression symptoms at baseline accounted for an independent portion of variance in physical functioning at three months after hospital discharge. This descriptive study is an important early step in the research of hopelessness symptoms after an acute MI. Longitudinal modeling of the pathways among hopelessness symptoms, depression symptoms, and health-related outcomes is needed to further discern the relationship between hopelessness and depression symptoms, the distinction of these two constructs, and their effects on post-MI outcomes.

Indexing (details)

Mental health;
0569: Nursing
0347: Mental health
0382: Rehabilitation
0382: Therapy
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Cardiac rehabilitation; Depression; Hopelessness; Myocardial infarction
Hopelessness and depression in myocardial infarction
Dunn, Susan Lynn
Number of pages
Publication year
Degree date
School code
DAI-B 66/09, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
9780542323034, 0542323036
Given, Barbara
Michigan State University
University location
United States -- Michigan
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Document type
Dissertation/thesis number
ProQuest document ID
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
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