Abstract/Details

Meeting in the middle in Maryland: How international and domestic politics collided along Route 40


2010 2010

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Abstract (summary)

In 1961, African and Asian diplomats traveled Route 40 frequently between their United Nation's offices and their Washington D.C. offices. Many of the eateries along the Maryland section of the highway practiced segregation, causing a storm of international media coverage and criticism in the fall of 1961. As a result, the State Department created a special office, the Special Protocol Service Section (SPSS), under the auspices of the Department of Protocol. Pedro Sanjuan, head of the SPSS, used his position to promote desegregation along Route 40. When the State Department intervened in the Maryland debate over accommodations, the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) used the opportunity to promote an open accommodations bill. Maryland had a long history of integrated activism and the Route 40 campaign is one in a history of campaigns to gain equal access to restaurants, stores, and other places of business. CORE planned a freedom ride to end segregation along the highway. Students from the east coast, divided into two caravans, volunteered to leave simultaneously from opposite sides of the Maryland strip of Route 40 on November 11, 1961. According to plan, the riders would stop at different eateries until they met in the middle, unless the restaurant owners voluntarily desegregated. The Maryland General Assembly failed to pass statewide open accommodations legislation; however most restaurant owners along the Route 40 corridor in Maryland voluntarily desegregated by February 1962. This thesis examines the different forces influencing the restaurateurs.

Indexing (details)


Subject
African American Studies;
American history
Classification
0296: African American Studies
0337: American history
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Civil rights; Congress of racial equality; Desegregation; Maryland; Route 40; Special protocol service section
Title
Meeting in the middle in Maryland: How international and domestic politics collided along Route 40
Author
Wassink, Faith Noelle
Number of pages
129
Publication year
2010
Degree date
2010
School code
0434
Source
MAI 48/06M, Masters Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781124041056
Advisor
Scott, Michelle R.
Committee member
Bouton, Terry; Lindenmeyer, Kriste
University/institution
University of Maryland, Baltimore County
Department
Historical Studies
University location
United States -- Maryland
Degree
M.A.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
1477268
ProQuest document ID
520398591
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/520398591
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