Abstract/Details

Three essays on human capital, migration and rural development in developing countries


2010 2010

Other formats: Order a copy

Abstract (summary)

This dissertation studies several important issues in developing countries. The first essay focuses on rural-urban migration and rural entrepreneurship in China. I find that depending on the initial human capital level, policies aiming to advance human capital may have different impacts on migration. Even though return migrants help raise rural labor demand and wages, the income inequality between the urban and rural areas is not eliminated and migration is persistent. The borrowing constraints limit the size of rural non-farm businesses and slow down the development of the rural industry. The second essay studies the dynamics of rural-urban migration income and rural non-farm business ownership in China, applying a dynamic bivariate probit model to the China Rural Households Survey Data. The positive correlation between receiving migration remittances in one period and operating rural non-farm business in the following period is explained by correlated unobserved heterogeneity. A negative state dependence between receiving migration remittances and operating rural non-farm businesses can be justified by the time and labor constraints facing rural households. The third essay provides a theoretical study of teacher absenteeism, a severe phenomenon in many less developed countries. I focus on several policies, such as labor taxes, financial penalties, and teachers’ wage rate, to examine the short-run and long-run effects of these policies on teacher absenteeism, economic growth, goods production, and quality of lower and higher education.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Economics;
Studies;
Human capital;
Rural areas;
Developing countries--LDCs
Classification
0501: Economics
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; China; Developing countries; Human capital; Migration; Rural development
Title
Three essays on human capital, migration and rural development in developing countries
Author
Liu, Jialu
Number of pages
132
Publication year
2010
Degree date
2010
School code
0093
Source
DAI-A 71/11, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781124246659
Advisor
Glomm, Gerhard
Committee member
Chamarbagwala, Rubiana; Kaganovich, Michael; Trivedi, Pravin
University/institution
Indiana University
Department
Economics
University location
United States -- Indiana
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3423626
ProQuest document ID
759823209
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/759823209
Access the complete full text

You can get the full text of this document if it is part of your institution's ProQuest subscription.

Try one of the following:

  • Connect to ProQuest through your library network and search for the document from there.
  • Request the document from your library.
  • Go to the ProQuest login page and enter a ProQuest or My Research username / password.