Abstract/Details

Novel functions of individual epidermal growth factor receptor autophosphorylation sites in receptor regulation and signal transduction


2003 2003

Other formats: Order a copy

Abstract (summary)

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is the prototypic member of the receptor protein tyrosine kinase (RPTK) family of proteins, and it plays an essential role in both normal and neoplastic signal transduction in many cell types. Critical for the specificity of signaling from the EGFR are its sites of tyrosine autophosphorylation, as they mediate the association and subsequent activation of downstream effector molecules that contain src homology-2 (SH2) domains. This work has focused on gaining a better understanding of the function of these autophosphorylation sites. To accomplish this goal, we have generated glutathione S-transferase (GST) SH2 domain fusion protein constructs, tyrosine to phenylalanine (Y-F) EGFR autophosphorylation site mutants, and EGFR autophosphorylation site phospho-specific antibodies. Utilization of these reagents has revealed novel roles for the EGFR autophosphorylation site in signal transduction and receptor regulation. We have discovered that phosphorylation of EGFR tyrosine 992 (Y992) identifies a subset of receptors that likely constitutes the major population of signaling receptors. Also, we have uncovered additional evidence to suggest that Y992 plays a direct role in the overall signaling of the EGFR. Furthermore, we have discovered a novel role for a second autophosphorylation site, Y1068, in mediating the EGFR association and phosphorylation of phospholipase Cγ (PLCγ). We have also identified the sites on the EGFR that differentially affect the phosphorylation of the signal transducer and activators of transcription (STAT) family members 1, 3 and 5. Lastly, we have discovered numerous correlations between the EGFR mediated phosphorylation of PLCγ, and the EGFR mediated phosphorylation of STATs 1 and 3, implicating a potential role of PLCγ in the EGFR activation of STAT 1 and STAT 3.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Molecular biology
Classification
0307: Molecular biology
Identifier / keyword
Biological sciences, Autophosphorylation, EGFR, Signal transduction
Title
Novel functions of individual epidermal growth factor receptor autophosphorylation sites in receptor regulation and signal transduction
Author
Emlet, David R.
Number of pages
156
Publication year
2003
Degree date
2003
School code
0272
Source
DAI-B 71/09, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
University/institution
Thomas Jefferson University
University location
United States -- Pennsylvania
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
DP18520
ProQuest document ID
760999507
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/760999507
Access the complete full text

You can get the full text of this document if it is part of your institution's ProQuest subscription.

Try one of the following:

  • Connect to ProQuest through your library network and search for the document from there.
  • Request the document from your library.
  • Go to the ProQuest login page and enter a ProQuest or My Research username / password.