The efficacy of the ‘Keep on Track’ educational intervention and its impact on farm safety knowledge levels in rural school age children
There has been growing attention about safety of children on farms over the past two decades as agriculture is one of the most dangerous occupations in the nation. According to the National Institute for Occupational Health and Safety [NIOSH] (2007) there were an estimated 907 children under the age of 20 who died from an agricultural injury between 1998 and 2002. This is a death rate of 43 fatalities per 100,000 children. The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy of the Keep on Track educational intervention on knowledge levels regarding farm safety among fifth graders in a rural, upstate New York school setting. This study was conducted with a quantitative, quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design. The 176 participants were rural fifth grade public school students who were recruited using convenience sampling from rural communities in three upstate New York counties. An educational intervention was developed utilizing materials from the Farm Safety 4 Just Kids Organization, called Keep on Track and was presented during a 40-minute class period. A dependent or paired samples t-test was conducted to evaluate the educational intervention's effectiveness from pretest to posttest. The results of the t-test indicated that the difference in the mean scores from pretest to the posttest immediately following the intervention increased significantly t(175) = -4.619, p <.000. The results of the t-test also indicated that the difference in the mean scores from pretest to the one month follow up posttest significantly increased t(175) = -5.668, p <.000. Additionally, independent t-tests showed no relationship between gender and the knowledge of farm safety at pretest and posttest. Finally, independent t-tests were conducted with no relationship found between farm residence and knowledge of farm safety at pretest and posttest. This study shows the impact that an educational intervention has on increasing the knowledge levels on farm safety in fifth-grade rural children. This study also has key implications for practice application, policy development and future research on this topic.
Children & youth;
0573: Public health