Abstract/Details

Infant preferences for two properties of infant-directed speech


2010 2010

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Abstract (summary)

This study examined preferences for prosodic and structural properties of infant-directed speech (IDS) in 20 infants, 11 girls and 9 boys, ages 0;11;3 to 0;13;0 (mean age 0;11;28). It was hypothesized that year-old infants would demonstrate a preference for infant-directed structure (IS) over adult-directed structure (AS) regardless of prosody, and that infants would demonstrate no preference for either infant-directed prosody (IP) or adult-directed prosody (AP) regardless of structure. Listening times to passages were compared across infants for four conditions: IS/IP; IS/AP; AS/IP; AS/AP. Results indicate a non-significant but noticeable trend toward a preference for infant-directed structure. In addition, weak correlations were found between vocabulary size and strength of preference for adult-directed prosody, and between age and strength of preference for adult-directed prosody. A non-significant but noticeable interaction was found between prosody and structure and vocabulary. Overall, infants appear to prefer listening to infant-directed structure to adult-directed structure; more advanced language learners show a stronger preference for adult-directed prosody than do their less advanced age-mates; older infants show a stronger preference for adult-directed prosody than do younger infants; and preference for infant-directed structure (but not infant-directed prosody) depends on vocabulary level.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Behavioral Sciences;
Cognitive psychology
Classification
0602: Behavioral Sciences
0633: Cognitive psychology
Identifier / keyword
Psychology; 12-month-old infants; Infant-directed prosody; Infant-directed speech; Infant-directed structure; Language acquisition
Title
Infant preferences for two properties of infant-directed speech
Author
Segal, Judith
Number of pages
74
Publication year
2010
Degree date
2010
School code
0117
Source
MAI 49/02M, Masters Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781124268385
Advisor
Newman, Rochelle S.
Committee member
Ratner, Nan B.; Tian, Wei
University/institution
University of Maryland, College Park
Department
Hearing and Speech Sciences
University location
United States -- Maryland
Degree
M.A.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
1482471
ProQuest document ID
762221022
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/762221022
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