Abstract/Details

Psychosocial factors and musculoskeletal symptoms in a vulnerable working population in Nicaragua


2010 2010

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Abstract (summary)

This research is a secondary data analysis of the CUPID-INCA Nicaragua study, a cross-sectional study comparing psychosocial and physical factors on musculoskeletal symptoms among nurses, office workers and maquiladoras in Nicaragua. There were three objectives for this thesis. (1) To describe the study population according to their socio-demographic, psychosocial (i.e. work organization and health beliefs) and physical factors. (2) To estimate the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in the study population (nurses, office workers and maquilas). (3) To analyze and compare the trends of association between psychosocial factors and MSDs to that of physical factors and MSDs in the study population. Trends of association between MSDs and psychosocial factors were also compared between nurses, office workers and maquilas.

Majority of the total study population were females, middle aged, non smokers and had been on the job for more than five years. Prevalence rates of low back pain and upper extremity pain were 28% and 37% respectively in nurses, 17% and 34% in office workers and 18% and 31% in maquilas. Workers' health belief was significantly associated with MSDs in all three occupational groups. Psychosocial factors were not consistently associated more with MSDs than physical factors. Maquilas had more psychosocial factors statistically significantly associated with musculoskeletal symptoms than nurses and office workers.

The findings of this research suggest that both psychosocial and physical risk factors play a role on the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in the three working populations in Nicaragua. Future research in this area should explore further, the risk of developing MSDs from workers' exposure to psychosocial factors as well as physical factors.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Occupational health;
Public health;
Epidemiology
Classification
0354: Occupational health
0573: Public health
0766: Epidemiology
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences, Latin america, Maquiladora, Musculoskeletal disorders, Nurses, Office workers, Psychosocial
Title
Psychosocial factors and musculoskeletal symptoms in a vulnerable working population in Nicaragua
Author
Adejumo, Rahmat Bola
Number of pages
69
Publication year
2010
Degree date
2010
School code
0219
Source
MAI 49/02M, Masters Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781124342191
Advisor
Sexton, Ken; Felknor, Sarah
Committee member
Gimeno, David
University/institution
The University of Texas School of Public Health
Department
Environmental & Occupational Health Sciences
University location
United States -- Texas
Degree
M.P.H.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
1483026
ProQuest document ID
817552499
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/817552499
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