Racial differences in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in the ambulatory heart failure population
Racial differences in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) have rarely been studied in an ambulatory, financially "equal access" cohort, although the majority of such patients are treated as outpatients.
Retrospective data was collected from 2,526 patients (2,240 Whites, 286 African American) with HFpEF treated at 153 VA clinics, as part of the VA External Peer Review Program (EPRP) between October 2000 and September 2002. Kaplan Meier curves (stratified by race) were created for time to first heart failure (HF) hospitalization, all cause hospitalization and death and Cox proportional multivariate regression models were constructed to evaluate the effect of race on these outcomes.
African American patients were younger (67.7 ± 11.3 vs. 71.2 ± 9.8 years; p < 0.001), had lower prevalence of atrial fibrillation (24.5 % vs. 37%; p <0.001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (23.4 % vs. 36.9%, p <0.001), but had higher blood pressure (systolic blood pressure > 120 mm Hg 77.6% vs. 67.8%; p < 0.01), glomerular filtration rate (67.9 ± 31.0 vs. 61.6 ± 22.6 mL/min/1.73 m2; p < 0.001), anemia (56.6% vs. 41.7%; p <0.001) as compared to whites. African Americans were found to have higher risk adjusted rate of HF hospitalization (HR 1.52, 95% CI 1.1 - 2.11; p = 0.01), with no difference in risk-adjusted all cause hospitalization (p = 0.80) and death (p= 0.21).
In a financially "equal access" setting of the VA, among ambulatory patients with HFpEF, African Americans have similar rates of mortality and all cause hospitalization but have an increased risk of HF hospitalizations compared to whites.
0573: Public health