Abstract/Details

An examination of elementary school teachers' beliefs about their African American students with an analysis of selected characteristics of schools in one urban school district


2010 2010

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Abstract (summary)

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between five factors: teacher efficacy, teacher beliefs, cultural responsive classroom management, cultural awareness, and cultural sensitivity among African American, European American and Hispanic American elementary school teachers. The five factors were part of eight factors originating from the Cultural Awareness and Belief Inventory (CABI) given to Pre-kindergarten through Grade 12 teachers in an urban public school district in Houston, Texas during the 2005-2006 school year. A MANOVA using SPSS was conducted for the sample of 208 teachers from grades kindergarten through fourth to assess whether differences exist between the ethnic groups. The five factors served as the dependent variables and the ethnicities of the teachers were the independent variables. A further analysis was conducted of the elementary schools which participated in the CABI for two purposes. The first purpose was to ascertain the number of teachers with strong efficacy beliefs, and the second purpose was to identify common and distinctive characteristics among those schools. Results were analyzed using standardized test scores from the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) as well as Academic Excellence Indicator System (AEIS).

The results of the MANOVA revealed a significant difference among the teacher ethnic groups only with Cultural Sensitivity. Further tests revealed the difference in Cultural Sensitivity, which could be explained by ethnicity, was relatively small. While African American teachers obtained slightly higher mean scores on some of the items related to the factors, the three teacher ethic groups had similar mean scores in the majority of the items. Each of the teacher groups demonstrated an overall optimism for the five factors, reflecting positive beliefs about African American students and their capabilities to achieve in school.

Each of the five urban schools had similar but also distinctive characteristics. The analysis of the schools with high teacher efficacy revealed them to have a high number of economically disadvantaged students. The only other commonality was very high retention rates among the schools. The high retention rates were inconsistent with practices of effective schools.

Indexing (details)


Subject
African American Studies;
Black studies;
Multicultural Education;
Elementary education
Classification
0296: African American Studies
0325: Black studies
0455: Multicultural Education
0524: Elementary education
Identifier / keyword
Education; Social sciences; Academic achievement; African-American; Teacher beliefs; Teacher efficacy; Urban education
Title
An examination of elementary school teachers' beliefs about their African American students with an analysis of selected characteristics of schools in one urban school district
Author
Marrero, Otoniel
Number of pages
193
Publication year
2010
Degree date
2010
School code
0803
Source
DAI-A 72/02, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781124392295
Advisor
Carter, Norvella P.; Knight, Stephanie L.
University/institution
Texas A&M University
University location
United States -- Texas
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3436727
ProQuest document ID
821968624
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/821968624
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