Abstract/Details

The gastrovascular system of a stoloniferan octocoral: A laboratory model for the study of coral bleaching


2010 2010

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Abstract (summary)

Coral bleaching is one of the most important ecological problems facing humankind today. In this process, the coral loses its symbiotic dinoflagellates and appears white or pale. Since the symbionts provide most of the corals’ nutrition, bleached colonies typically regress or even die. Insight into this process can be gained by using laboratory model systems. Indeed, the physiology of a colonial organism cannot be endlessly extrapolated from a single polyp anemone, which is the current model system. In order to understand the basic physiology of the coral gastrovascular system, and thus a major component of bleaching, colonies of an as-yet undescribed colonial octocoral (hereafter referred to as clavulariid species A) were surgically grown on microscope cover glass and filmed using an inverted microscope. From this, we were able to glean some insight into the inner workings of a colonial coral. These corals experienced symbiont velocities in the gastrovascular lumen of an average of 400–500 µm/sec, and they demonstrate simultaneous bidirectional flow within the lumen. Building on this, colonies of clavulariid species A were thermally perturbed by placing them in incubators at 32°C for 12 hours. Several stolons of each colony were then filmed and the numbers of symbionts in the tissue and in the gastrovascular flow were measured. As well, velocities were taken of symbionts in the gastrovascular flow for each stolon. Colonies were then returned to normal culture conditions at 27°C. After 36 hours of recovery from thermal perturbation, 42% of the variance in colony growth was explained by three factors: the numbers of symbionts in the tissue, the numbers of symbionts in the lumen, and the velocities of symbionts in the lumen. These data suggest a mechanism (gastrovascular velocity) by which coral colonies can regulate their symbionts population. Such a mechanism may be relevant to patterns of bleaching observed in the field.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Biological oceanography;
Zoology;
Physiology
Classification
0416: Biological oceanography
0472: Zoology
0719: Physiology
Identifier / keyword
Biological sciences; Climate change; Cnidarian; Coral bleaching; Dinoflagellate; Gastrovascular system; Symbiont
Title
The gastrovascular system of a stoloniferan octocoral: A laboratory model for the study of coral bleaching
Author
Parrin, Austin P.
Number of pages
72
Publication year
2010
Degree date
2010
School code
0162
Source
MAI 49/03M, Masters Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781124448718
Advisor
Blackstone, Neil W.
Committee member
Holbrook, Gabriel P.; King, Bethia H.; King, Richard B.
University/institution
Northern Illinois University
Department
Biological Sciences
University location
United States -- Illinois
Degree
M.S.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
1488437
ProQuest document ID
851549881
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/851549881
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