Abstract/Details

The impact of satisfaction of life on cognitive functioning in Black elder adults: A correlational study


2011 2011

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Abstract (summary)

Lower cognitive test scores have often led to misdiagnosis of cognitive functioning in Black elder adults limiting their ability to live independently. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect that satisfaction of life has on Black elder adult cognitive functioning measured through cognitive test scores. The research question—“What is the impact of satisfaction with life on cognitive test scores of Black elder adults living in community dwellings?”—assumes the more satisfied one is with life, the greater the cognitive performance on cognitive tests. This study used two different questionnaires to collect the survey data. The Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) frequently used to determine the severity of elder adult cognitive decline and the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) widely used to determine self-descriptions of elder adult attitude and behavior. Black elder adults actively participating in the community completed both the MMSE and SWLS to offer a clearer picture of Black elder adult cognitive decline. While 90% of the respondents self-reported being satisfied, the difference in cognitive test scores appeared to rely on previous education and memory recall. Using inferential tests of significance Chi-square, Pearson’s r and the F test indicated that education (and memory) is a greater predictor of cognitive performance than cognitive ability. Cognitive tests that measure behavior through education and memory do not appear to measure cognitive ability, but rather the performance on these tests may indicate a response to repetitive behavior (memory). Cognitive functioning should be a primary consideration when engaging older adults with suspected cognitive impairment and their level of satisfaction influenced by education is something that also should be considered when making mental health assessments.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Black studies;
Aging
Classification
0325: Black studies
0493: Aging
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Social sciences; Black elder adults; Cognition; Community dwelling; Education; Memory recall; Satisfaction
Title
The impact of satisfaction of life on cognitive functioning in Black elder adults: A correlational study
Author
Brown, Clifton L.
Number of pages
103
Publication year
2011
Degree date
2011
School code
1351
Source
DAI-B 72/04, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781124488271
Advisor
Esmail, Ashraf
Committee member
Brown, Terrance; StJohn, Lee
University/institution
Capella University
Department
School of Public Service Leadership
University location
United States -- Minnesota
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3443623
ProQuest document ID
855635753
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/855635753
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