Effect of Hatha Yoga on stress and recovery of collegiate female athletes
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of four consecutive sessions of Hatha yoga on stress and recovery of collegiate female athletes (cross country, soccer, and volleyball). Twenty-five healthy female athletes were randomly divided into two groups, experimental (Yoga, Y; n=14, age=19.3±1.3 years) and control (No Yoga, C; n=11, age=19.7±3.6 years). Hatha yoga was performed for four consecutive days, at 30-40 minutes per session, and consisted of breathing exercises, meditation, asanas/postures, sun salute, and relaxation. Participants continued to perform their usual training with their respective teams during the week of the experiment. The Recovery-Stress Questionnaire for Athletes (RESTQ-Sport) was completed two days before and one day after four consecutive days of yoga (Y) or no yoga (C). There was a significant decrease (p = .008) in global stress scores (2.58±.94 to 2.01±.68) for Y, but not C (2.60±.55 to 2.41±.85, p = .132). Global recovery scores for Y (2.86±.59 to 2.82±.00, p = .405) and C (2.95±.70 to 2.95±.61, p = .527) were unchanged pre to post. Hatha yoga practice appears to decrease stress in collegiate female athletes. Thus, appropriate incorporation in the training program may reduce the negative effects of overtraining.
0566: Health sciences
0680: Health education