School-based decision making (SBDM) councils and their efficacy and productivity as perceived by council members
This study examined the perceptions of Kentucky SBDM council members concerning the productivity and efficacy of the councils. The major variables studied were council member position, council member demographic characteristics, perceived efficacy, and perceived productivity.
The research data came from an already completed field survey. This study used the methods of descriptive analysis, causal-comparative analysis, and correlational/predictive research. Statistical procedures included calculation of means and standard deviations, as well as multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), ordinary least squares multiple regression, and random effects analysis of variance (ANOVA).
The results of the study showed that, in general, council members had a positive perception of the productivity and efficacy of the councils. There were no differences between the perceptions of parents and principals, nor between principals and teachers/staff. There was, however, a difference between parents and teachers/staff in regards to efficacy, with parents revealing a higher rating than teachers. Although the difference was statistically significant, it was small in magnitude.
Additional research explored the amount of variance in efficacy and productivity in relation to several predictor variables. The amount of variance in the average efficacy score could be predicted by the contrast between parents and principals/staff, relevant information, use of committees, and training activities. The amount of variance in the average productivity score could be predicted by the contrast between parents and teachers/staff, relevant information, use of committees, training activities, school level, and level of efficiency. Additionally, there were significant differences among schools both for teachers and for parents in regards to both efficacy and productivity.