Peace-makers or peace-breakers? A case study of the role the Algerian diaspora in France played in conflict promotion throughout the civil war in Algeria from 1992–2002
Since 9/11, the rise of non-state actors and the threat of Islamic terrorism have become primary security concerns for Western nations. Recently, attention has shifted from a focus on threats posed by external actors to that posed by “homegrown” terrorists. Counterterrorism efforts have become more concentrated on the role that domestic Islamic diaspora and immigrant populations will play in the global jihad. As the Internet, mobile networks, twitter and facebook enable diaspora and immigrant communities to maintain strong connections to their states of origin, they enhance the ability of diaspora groups to develop transnational networks. Furthermore, the opportunity structure available in democratic countries makes it difficult for Western governments to discourage their diaspora populations from forming networks and mobilizing resources to facilitate political change in their countries of origin. In an effort to contribute to current literature on the role diaspora groups play in conflict promotion and transnational terrorism, this paper will provide a case study of the Algerian diaspora population in France and their role in conflict promotion throughout the Algerian civil war from 1992-2002.
North African Studies;
0560: North African Studies
0601: International Relations