Abstract/Details

Photograph presentation order and range effects in visual based outdoor recreation research


2011 2011

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Abstract (summary)

Visual based research methods, referring to the use of visual images to represent recreation resource conditions, are commonly used in outdoor recreation research to investigate appropriate levels of visitor use. Visual methods were developed to allow for the simulation of recreation resource conditions that would be difficult to describe using narrative methods. The research contained in this dissertation builds on previous research related to visual based methods of outdoor recreation. While data from visual based research methods can provide a strong empirical basis to support outdoor recreation management decision-making, visual research methods applied in this context are subject to several potential sources of measurement bias. These potential sources of bias include effects associated with photograph presentation order, and effects associated with the range of resource conditions depicted. These two biases are respectively referred to as order effect and range effect.

This dissertation examines the issues of order and range effect biases in visual based outdoor recreation research. In a lab setting, respondents were asked to rate a series of photographs of a recreation site in Rocky Mountain National Park in terms if the acceptability of the number of people at one time (PAOT) as depicted in the photographs.

In order to test for order effects, respondents were separated into six groups where photograph presentation order differed for each group. Results from qualitative and quantitative analyses indicate photograph presentation order significantly affected photograph acceptability ratings. In order to test for range effects, respondents were divided into seven groups where PAOT range differed for each group. Results from qualitative and quantitative analyses indicate range significantly affected photograph acceptability ratings.

Results from the investigations of order and range effects suggest a number of different principles that could be applied to future studies employing visual based methods. These principles are discussed along with future avenues of research that were uncovered through the course of the investigations of order and range effect biases.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Environmental Studies;
Natural Resource Management;
Sociology
Classification
0477: Environmental Studies
0528: Natural Resource Management
0626: Sociology
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Social sciences; Carrying capacity; Crowding; Order effect; People at one time (paot); Photograph presentation order; Range effect; Visual based recreation
Title
Photograph presentation order and range effects in visual based outdoor recreation research
Author
Gibson, Adam Wesley
Number of pages
140
Publication year
2011
Degree date
2011
School code
0053
Source
DAI-B 72/08, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781124643946
Advisor
Newman, Peter
Committee member
Bell, Paul; Fristrup, Kurt; Lawson, Steve
University/institution
Colorado State University
Department
Human Dimensions of Natural Resources
University location
United States -- Colorado
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3454600
ProQuest document ID
870684469
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/870684469
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