Abstract/Details

The effectiveness of milieu language strategies on the English language growth of Head Start children learning English as a second language


2011 2011

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Abstract (summary)

The current study explored the effectiveness of milieu language strategies on the English language growth over the course of a school year of children learning English as a second language. The four basic milieu language strategies; model, mand-model, time delay, and incidental teaching, can be embedded into daily routines and interaction to teach language skills to children within a supportive context. Three Head Start teachers and nine children, three native English speakers and six native Spanish speakers, participated in the school year-long study. The teachers received training and coaching to effectively implement the milieu strategies. The aim of this study was to examine how instructional strategies created and implemented from a special education perspective based on recommended teaching practices can be used with children learning English as a second language as a means of providing teachers with developmentally appropriate strategies and providing children learning English as a second language with consistent comprehensible input. This study recognizes that children with special needs and children learning English as a second language do not necessarily have similar cognitive abilities and learning needs. The current study sought to answer three questions: can preschool teachers implement milieu language strategies with fidelity, what is the impact of milieu language strategies on young children's English acquisition, and what are teachers' perceptions regarding milieu language strategies. A multiple baseline single subject and qualitative case study methodology was used. Results showed that teachers can implement the strategies with fidelity with on-going feedback and coaching. Milieu language strategies had a positive impact children's language growth. Teachers' perceptions of the milieu language strategies were mixed. Additional research is needed to determine the specific types of coaching needed to maintain intervention fidelity by teachers. Also, additional research is needed to determine the impact of the milieu language strategies on children's language growth who are learning English as a second language during shorter time periods.

Indexing (details)


Subject
English as a Second Language;
Early childhood education;
Effectiveness studies;
Language acquisition;
Head Start project
Classification
0441: English as a Second Language
0518: Early childhood education
Identifier / keyword
Education; English as a second language; Head Start; Language intervention; Milieu language strategies; Multiple subject single case design; Second language acquisition
Title
The effectiveness of milieu language strategies on the English language growth of Head Start children learning English as a second language
Author
Worthington, Emily Marie
Number of pages
147
Publication year
2011
Degree date
2011
School code
0097
Source
DAI-A 72/09, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781124701387
Advisor
Luze, Gayle J.
Committee member
Brotherson, Mary Jane; Bruna, Katherine; Peterson, Carla; Schwarte, Barbara
University/institution
Iowa State University
Department
Human Development and Family Studies
University location
United States -- Iowa
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3458344
ProQuest document ID
874976222
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/874976222
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