McKinney: How and why an affluent suburb integrates socioeconomically
With the recent Seattle and Louisville Court decisions school districts are now expected to no longer rely on race as a factor in attendance decisions and are encouraged to utilize socioeconomic status in desegregation plans. McKinney, Texas, a rapidly growing suburb north of Dallas, is unique in that is one of only a few that has had a socioeconomic integration plan in action before the Supreme Court eliminated the use of race as a factor. The following is a case study of McKinney Independent School District's (ISD) socioeconomic integration plan and how and why the district chose to socioeconomically integrate and what some of the benefits and challenges there have been with the plan. Findings show that the McKinney ISD plan has kept secondary schools from reaching majority low-income status but that it has come with political backlash from the community. Academic indicators appear inconclusive as to whether the plan is effective, but teacher experience and parent involvement are similar across all secondary schools. One major reason for the lack of academic outcomes could relate to the segregated nature of advanced courses, which have few low socioeconomic students enrolled in them. The findings suggest that the district should address the segregated curriculum tracks to address some of the low outcomes of low socioeconomic students.
0617: Public administration
0630: Public policy