Abstract/Details

Survey analysis on dental infection control & occupational safety from India—1999 & 2010


2011 2011

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Abstract (summary)

The objective was to study knowledge, attitudes, practice (KAP) and needs regarding infection control measures using two cross-sectional surveys from 1999 and 2010 conducted in India. Both data collection instruments had only about 35 comparable variables in common. In 1999, there were 456 respondents (dentists) who completed a self-administered survey instrument compared to 272 respondents in 2010. Both the 1999 and 2010 samples were mutually independent with no overlap, had regional differences, and therefore, were not completely comparable for changes in KAP over time. While almost all respondents from both surveys felt that education in dental safety was needed and wanted mandatory dental safety curriculum in dental schools, severe inadequacies in dental safety knowledge, protection against immunizable diseases, and practice of universal precaution were noted. Data from the study demonstrated that there is a substantial opportunity to improve the knowledge, attitude and practice of dental infection control and occupational safety in India. Few respondents (27%) reported that the infectious disease status of a patient is always known and a significant number reported that they had the right to refuse care for patients of known infectious disease status. This indicates that Stigma in treating HIV/AIDS patients remains a concern, which in turn suggests that a stronger focus on educating dentists about dental safety and on stigma and infectious disease is needed. Information obtained from this study could be utilized for developing policies oriented towards increasing dental safety educational efforts, in both dental schools as curriculum, and for practicing dentists through professional updates or continuing dental education.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Biostatistics;
Asian Studies;
Dentistry
Classification
0308: Biostatistics
0342: Asian Studies
0567: Dentistry
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Social sciences; Biological sciences; Blood borne diseases; Dental safety; Infection control; Microorganisms; Occupational safety; Stigma
Title
Survey analysis on dental infection control & occupational safety from India—1999 & 2010
Author
Shetty, Deepthi
Number of pages
65
Publication year
2011
Degree date
2011
School code
0219
Source
MAI 50/01M, Masters Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781124815268
Advisor
Puttaiah, Raghunath
Committee member
Bernstein, Ira; Grobe, Katherine F.; Walters, Scott
University/institution
The University of Texas School of Public Health
Department
Epidemiology & Disease Control
University location
United States -- Texas
Degree
M.P.H.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
1497546
ProQuest document ID
886791589
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/886791589
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