Abstract/Details

Work -related asthma among dental and radiography professionals


2010 2010

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Abstract (summary)

Rationale. Occupational asthma is the most frequently reported diagnosis of occupational respiratory disease in developed nations. Dental and radiography professionals are potentially exposed to a number of asthmagens including acrylates, sensitizing metals, latex, cleaning products and x-ray developing solutions. Still, gaps exist in the health care worker literature in regard to risk characterization for these professions. Objectives. To evaluate the association between occupational exposures and asthma in dental and radiography professionals using a cross-sectional survey and an asthma-specific job exposure matrix. Methods. A detailed questionnaire was mailed to a random, representative sample (n=2800) of Texas dentists, dental hygienists, dental assistants, dental laboratory technicians and radiographers with an active license in 2007. Self-reported occupational exposures were derived from the questionnaire and externally determined exposures from the job exposure matrix. The job exposure matrix expanded upon a previous matrix by adding new occupation and exposure categories and was coded by an expert panel. Two outcome variables were defined from the questionnaire, bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR)-related symptoms, based on a previously validated 8-item predictor, and a history of physician-diagnosed asthma occurring after entry into the healthcare profession ('reported asthma'). Main results. Surveys were received from 1515 participants for an overall response rate of 57%. From the self-reported occupational exposures, employment as a dental hygienist was associated with a 60% increase in risk of BHRrelated symptoms (OR: 1.60, 95% CI: 1.04-2.45). Developing dental films (OR: 1.42, 95% CI: 1.05-1.93) and using manual x-ray films (OR: 1.46, 95% CI: 1.01-2.10) were both associated with more than a 40% increase in the risk of BHR-related symptoms. The use of stone glaze was associated with an increased risk of reported asthma (OR: 4.82, 95% CI: 1.53-15.14) while the risk was significantly reduced among participants using fluxes (OR: 0.19, 95% CI: 0.05-0.68). From the job exposure matrix-derived exposures, powdered latex glove use after 2000 was associated with a 60% decrease in risk of reported asthma (OR: 0.40 95% CI: 0.20-0.81). No other significant associations were found. Conclusion. The finding of an increased risk of occupational asthma due to the manual development of x-ray film concurs with the conclusions from previous studies. Changes in certain practices, such as the move away from manual x-ray developing to digital radiography, are a step in the right direction to ensuring a safe work environment for all practitioners. Dental and radiography professionals are potentially exposed to several asthmagens in their work settings, and as the field grows and employs greater numbers of people, the contribution of these occupational exposures should be better characterized. However, results from this study did not uncover any increased risks associated with a wide range of tasks and products typical of dental settings. The finding of an increased risk among dental hygienists is new and warrants further evaluation, as it was not explained by the tasks or products measured in this study.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Occupational health;
Epidemiology
Classification
0354: Occupational health
0766: Epidemiology
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Asthma; Dental hygienists; Radiography; Work-related asthma
Title
Work -related asthma among dental and radiography professionals
Author
Ahmed, Farah Sultana
Number of pages
183
Publication year
2010
Degree date
2010
School code
0219
Source
DAI-B 71/04, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781109701821
Advisor
Delclos, George L.
Committee member
Amick III, Benjamin C.; Gimeno Ruiz De Porras, David; Whitehead, Lawrence W.
University/institution
The University of Texas School of Public Health
Department
Environmental & Occupational Health Sciences
University location
United States -- Texas
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3397820
ProQuest document ID
89260455
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/89260455
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