Subsidized Housing and Neighborhood Change

2011 2011

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Abstract (summary)

The purpose of this dissertation is to explore the relationship between low-income subsidized households/housing units and neighborhood quality while using a neighborhood change theoretical framework. Specific research questions that are addressed are: do low-income subsidized households/housing units impact neighborhood change or are low-income subsidized households/housing developers responding to changing neighborhood conditions? The research design is a case study of 16 US metropolitan areas. The two primary data sources are census data from the Neighborhood Change Database (NCDB) and Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) administrative data from the Picture of Subsidized Households (PSH) data file. Census tract median household income and median home value are the two neighborhood quality indicators used with the categorical outcome variable of large decline, stable/small change, and large gain. Predictor variables include neighborhood change variables: population, housing stock, and neighborhood characteristics. Multinomial logit regression, using base subsidized housing, neighborhood change, and PSH models, provides hypotheses testing of the impact of neighborhood indicators and PSH on how neighborhoods changed from 1990 to 2000 and impact of neighborhood ranking in 1990. The results indicate that subsidized households are more likely to be located in lower ranked neighborhoods based on income and home value, compared to general metropolitan trends. Second, PSH housing units significantly, though at an extremely small level, increased the likelihood that a neighborhood experienced a large decline and decreased the likelihood of a large gain from 1990 to 2000, compared to stable neighborhoods. Third, housing stock age and neighborhood characteristics are not primary indicators of neighborhood change. Fourth, neighborhoods with high levels of assisted households and total poor households may or may not experience neighborhood change compared to neighborhoods with no or low levels of assisted/poor households.

Indexing (details)

Social research;
Public policy;
Urban planning
0344: Social research
0630: Public policy
0999: Urban planning
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Low-income housing; Neighborhood change; Subsidized housing
Subsidized Housing and Neighborhood Change
Wilson, Florence Louise
Number of pages
Publication year
Degree date
School code
DAI-A 72/12, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Austin, Michael J.
Committee member
Chow, Julian C.; Quigley, John M.
University of California, Berkeley
Social Welfare
University location
United States -- California
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Document type
Dissertation/thesis number
ProQuest document ID
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
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