Abstract/Details

Factors Influencing Attitudes toward Euthanasia


2011 2011

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Abstract (summary)

Over recent decades, euthanasia has been a topic of increasing debate. With legalization of euthanasia in the states of Oregon and Washington and attempted reform in several other U.S. states and nations worldwide, it has become increasingly important to understand the roles and values of helping professionals who might be working with clients considering this option. The current study targeted 85 undergraduate students, 54 doctoral students in counseling psychology, and 53 doctoral-level professionals in psychology to assess both their personal values regarding euthanasia and their willingness to allow a client the autonomy to make a decision about euthanasia. Several factors were analyzed in regards to their relation to client autonomy and attitudes toward euthanasia, including age of client and sex of client. These variables were manipulated in vignettes to create four scenarios: a 24 year old male, 24 year old female, 80 year old male, 80 year old female. Other factors included level of education of the participant, spirituality and strength of religiosity of the participant, and personal experiences with deaths of friends or family members. Results indicated that more education was associated with greater support for euthanasia and that stronger religiosity and spirituality were related to less support for euthanasia. This study also found that participants did not exhibit differential levels of support based solely on the age or the sex of the client depicted in the vignette. Results further indicated that for doctoral students and professionals the loss of a loved one, regardless of cause of death, did not have a significant effect on their attitudes toward euthanasia. It is important for training programs to be aware of these findings in order to monitor trainees in terms of personal biases in the therapy relationship. With objectivity a high priority while working with clients, it is necessary to be aware of outside factors potentially influencing one's work with clients surrounding this value-laden issue.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Ethics;
Medical Ethics;
Counseling Psychology
Classification
0394: Ethics
0497: Medical Ethics
0603: Counseling Psychology
Identifier / keyword
Philosophy, religion and theology; Health and environmental sciences; Psychology; Counseling; End-of-life care; Euthanasia; Psychologists
Title
Factors Influencing Attitudes toward Euthanasia
Author
Bevacqua, Frank
Number of pages
94
Publication year
2011
Degree date
2011
School code
0010
Source
DAI-A 73/03, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781267025104
Advisor
Robinson-Kurpius, Sharon
Committee member
Homer, Judy; Kinnier, Richard
University/institution
Arizona State University
Department
Counseling Psychology
University location
United States -- Arizona
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3482158
ProQuest document ID
908629608
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/908629608
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