Abstract/Details

Democracy in the woods: The politics of institutional change in India's forest areas


2011 2011

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Abstract (summary)

My dissertation answers a key question related to institutional change: How might the interplay of pre-existing institutions – rules, norms, and conventions in use, as also political-economic relationships – affect attempts at reforming India’s long-standing forest property rights? I seek to answer these questions by studying the ongoing implementation of the Forest Rights Act of 2006 as a case of institutional change under conditions of significant power asymmetries. I employ a mixed-methods research approach combining statistical hypothesis testing with rigorous qualitative analysis of field interviews.

The findings show that outcomes of institutional change are shaped substantially by pre-existing forest conservation institutions, the interests of forest protection committee leaders, and the interventions of social movement activists in the policy process. Although past forest conservation arrangements have multiple causal effects contingent on the interests and actions of local leaders, electoral competition has weak and uncertain effects in shaping the demand for forest property rights. The subjective understanding of institutions and institutional change that different actors brought to the table also influenced the actors’ responses to the institutional change. These findings contribute to the debates over questions of institutional change, democratic representation, and participatory reforms under asymmetric power conditions.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Environmental management;
Political science;
Public policy
Classification
0474: Environmental management
0615: Political science
0630: Public policy
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Social sciences; Forestlands; India; Institutional change; International environmental policy; Property rights
Title
Democracy in the woods: The politics of institutional change in India's forest areas
Author
Kashwan, Prakash
Number of pages
368
Publication year
2011
Degree date
2011
School code
0093
Source
DAI-A 73/03, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781267039736
Advisor
Ostrom, Elinor
Committee member
Agrawal, Arun; Auer, Matthew; MacLean, Lauren M.; Reingold, David; Ringquist, Evan
University/institution
Indiana University
Department
Public Policy
University location
United States -- Indiana
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3482493
ProQuest document ID
910564547
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/910564547
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