Abstract/Details

The Effects of Traditional and Progressive Physical Education Courses on Adolescents' Body Compositions and Student Satisfaction


2012 2012

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Abstract (summary)

Childhood and adolescent obesity is on the rise, but how to address and improve upon that issue is not completely clear. Research had not yet determined whether a competition-based or non-competitive fitness-based physical education program is more motivating to high school students. Additionally, little research exists regarding which type of curriculum yields better health improvement results specifically to grades nine through 12. This correlative non-equivalent control group study compared a competitive sports-based physical curriculum to a fitness-based non-competitive curriculum to determine which proved more optimal for high school student satisfaction and body health improvement. The theoretical framework used for this study included the executive function hypothesis, self-determination theory, motivational theory, and self-efficacy theory. The sample included 91 students from a rural community in a northwestern US school district. Data sources included the Physical Activity and Class Satisfaction Questionnaire (PACSQ) and a body composition analysis with skinfold calipers. Results were analyzed using ANCOVA and MANOVA. No statistically significant differences between student outcomes or motivation were identified through this study. In addition, both groups showed improvement in body composition results after the research term and student satisfaction was rated equal and positive. Implications for positive social change include a better understanding of the types of physical education programs that can benefit students and ultimately decrease body dissatisfaction and health problems associated with overweight.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Physical education;
Health education;
Curriculum development;
Child development;
Teenagers;
Obesity;
Body fat
Classification
0523: Physical education
0680: Health education
0727: Curriculum development
Identifier / keyword
Education; Body composition; Curriculum; Physical education; Progressive courses; Student satisfaction
Title
The Effects of Traditional and Progressive Physical Education Courses on Adolescents' Body Compositions and Student Satisfaction
Author
Beard, Judy
Number of pages
173
Publication year
2012
Degree date
2012
School code
0543
Source
DAI-A 73/04, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781267088178
Advisor
Finkenberg, Mel
Committee member
Randolph, Justus
University/institution
Walden University
Department
Education
University location
United States -- Minnesota
Degree
Ed.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3489477
ProQuest document ID
915726239
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/915726239
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