Water to Thrive health needs assessment for Robit, Ethiopia
Developing countries suffer from an array of diseases, of which the developed world is unfamiliar. In order to facilitate the development of community interventions and streamline NGO partnership, needs assessments in targeted areas are conducted. The purpose of this assessment was to attain baseline descriptive data to further understand the needs of the village of Robit, Ethiopia. A trained team collected data from Austin based non-profit Water to Thrive (W2T) on June 1st and 2nd, 2011 through focus groups, key informant interviews, and individual surveys. Qualitative and quantitative data were paired to affirm the results of one another through triangulation. The results identified an apparent need for health intervention and education. Malaria, water-borne disease, respiratory issues (asthma, Upper respiratory tract infections), and maternal and child health were among the evident problems in Robit. There was a clear need for midwife training as well as water sanitation, latrine building, and general illness treatment. Poor road conditions and annual flooding of Robit plays an important role in the poor health and lack of food security of the village. While some evidence of social desirability and recall bias was found in the interview and survey data, the triangulation of findings provided important insights and validity to the needs assessment.