Abstract/Details

Systematic asymptotic approximations to forward Kolmogorov equations for stochastic neuronal models


2011 2011

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Abstract (summary)

In this thesis several problems in stochastic neuronal models will be addressed. The focus will be on improving solution methods for Forward Kolmogorov Equations (FKEs) that arise from stochastic neuronal models.

The first chapter contains a brief introduction to stochastic neuronal models. An overview of the results in this thesis and its relation to the relevant current literature will also be provided.

In the second chapter some problems in the current based stochastic neuronal model will be addressed. First it will be shown that provided the voltage process is ergodic, the flux based and mean exit time based definitions of stationary firing rate are equivalent. Second a formal limiting argument on the associated FKE will be used to derive the exact probability distribution in the asymptotic limit of large input Poisson rate. This result can be used to compute approximate firing rates when the input Poisson rate is large. Finally a simple correction to the usual implementation of the diffusion approximation on the Forward Kolmogorov Equation of the current based model will be shown to increase its accuracy.

The third chapter of the thesis is devoted to the study of the stochastic conduc- tance based neuronal model. Only an approximate solution to the marginal density of the conductance variable is currently available [1]. First integral transform meth- ods will be used to derive the exact solution for the distribution of conductance. Then that solution will be used to devise a systematic justification for moment clo- sure dimensional reduction methods [1, 13, 2]. The systematic justification gives sufficient conditions on problem parameters for moment closure methods to be ac- curate, which in turn will be used to explain some observations in the numerical simulations in the current literature (Figure 12, [2], Figure 4.3 [1]). Finally a cor- rection on the reduced trajectory dynamics in the small conductance time constant limit of the conductance based model will be presented. It is pointed out that this correction can be extended to devise a more biologically realistic one dimensional integrate and fire neuronal model that exhibit multiple spiking behavior (bursting) in response to a large impulse.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Neurosciences;
Applied Mathematics;
Mathematics
Classification
0317: Neurosciences
0364: Applied Mathematics
0405: Mathematics
Identifier / keyword
Applied sciences; Pure sciences; Biological sciences; Asymptotic approximations; Forward Kolmogorov equations; Gain curve; Probability; Stochastic neuronal models
Title
Systematic asymptotic approximations to forward Kolmogorov equations for stochastic neuronal models
Author
de Silva, Nuwan
Number of pages
100
Publication year
2011
Degree date
2011
School code
0185
Source
DAI-B 73/05, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781267157317
Advisor
Kramer, Peter R.
University/institution
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
University location
United States -- New York
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3496387
ProQuest document ID
921220007
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/921220007
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