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Citation/Abstract

Attitudes of dental students to hand hygiene practices at a dental school


2011 2011

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The author has requested that access to this graduate work be delayed until 19 September 2012. After this date, this graduate work will be available on an open access basis.

Abstract (summary)


Objectives . The purpose of this study was to elucidate behavioral determinants (prevailing attitudes and beliefs) of hand hygiene practices among undergraduate dental students in a dental school.

Methods . Statistical modeling using the Integrative Behavioral Model (IBM) prediction was utilized to develop a questionnaire for evaluating behavioral perceptions of hand hygiene practices by dental school students. Self-report questionnaires were given to second, third and fourth year undergraduate dental students. Models representing two distinct hand hygiene practices, termed "elective in-dental school hand hygiene practice" and "inherent in-dental school hand hygiene practice" were tested using linear regression analysis.

Results . 58 responses were received (24.5%); the sample mean age was 26.6 years old and females comprised 51%. In our models, elective in-dental school hand hygiene practice and inherent in-dental school hand hygiene practice, explained 40% and 28%, respectively, of the variance in behavioral intention. Translation of community hand hygiene practice to the dental school setting is the predominant driver of elective hand hygiene practice. Intended elective in-school hand hygiene practice is further significantly predicted by students' self-efficacy. Students' attitudes, peer pressure of other dental students and clinic administrators, and role modeling had minimal effects. Inherent hand hygiene intent was strongly predicted by students' beliefs in the benefits of the activity and, to a lesser extent, role modeling. Inherent and elective community behaviors were insignificant.

Conclusions . This study provided significant insights into dental student's hand hygiene behavior and can form the basis for an effective behavioral intervention program designed to improve hand hygiene compliance.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Behavioral psychology;
Dentistry;
Public health;
Health education
Classification
0384: Behavioral psychology
0567: Dentistry
0573: Public health
0680: Health education
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences, Education, Psychology, Dental students, Hand hygiene, Hand sanitizer, Hand washing, Integrative behavior model (IBM), Self-efficacy
Title
Attitudes of dental students to hand hygiene practices at a dental school
Author
Stevenson, Gene Craig
Number of pages
65
Publication year
2011
Degree date
2011
School code
0219
Source
MAI 50/05, Oct 2012
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781267240965
Advisor
Ross, Michael W.
Committee member
Koeppen, Raymond G.
University/institution
The University of Texas School of Public Health
Department
Health Promotion & Behavioral Sciences Management
University location
United States -- Texas
Degree
M.P.H.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
1507225
ProQuest document ID
943458887
Copyright
Copyright ProQuest, UMI Dissertations Publishing 2011
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/943458887